If someone causes you mental stress and trauma — such as anxiety or paranoia — you can sue him or her for damages under the legal theory of emotional distress.
But in reality, securing damages for stress and trauma is pretty challenging.
Damages are awarded only when certain circumstances are present.
Can you sue someone for emotional distress in Canada?
For family law issues, courts will usually refuse to award damages for mental and/or emotional distress. Canadian jurisprudence discourages spouses from pursuing civil claims against each other. However, in cases of extreme or unconscionable behaviour, courts have acknowledged that damages may be warranted.
What is considered emotional distress?
: a highly unpleasant emotional reaction (as anguish, humiliation, or fury) which results from another’s conduct and for which damages may be sought. — called also emotional harm, mental anguish, mental distress, mental disturbance, mental suffering. — see also outrage, zone of danger.
Can you sue someone for lying?
If you meet the requirements for a civil action, you can sue someone for defamation, whether libel or slander, if they have written or said something bad about you. However, you must be able to prove the necessary elements of a defamation suit if you wish to collect damages.